Temporomandibular Joint disorders are also known as TMJ disorders. The TMJ is an articulation that connects the lower jaw to the skull. Once an abnormality or malformation affects the articular disc, the bone or the muscles of mastication a TMJ disorder can result.
The causes of TMJ disorder include facial trauma, arthritis, osteoarthritis, a joint malformation, loss of teeth, displaced jaw discs, teeth grinding and clenching, and stress.
TMJ disorder can present as:
The first line of treatment to temporomandibular disorders often involves medications, management of occlusion, warm and cold compress applications, dental appliances and physical therapy.
In certain cases, surgical treatment can also help you treat TMJ disorders such as; Botox injections in the sore spots, TMJ injection, TMJ lavage or in severe cases total joint replacement.